Clinical Features & Treatment of Irritable bowel syndrome

Clinical Features of Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Constipation.
  • Heartburn or indigestion.
  • Chest pain.
  • Vomiting.
  • Nausea.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Gas.
  • Abdominal pain, bloating and swelling.
  • Pain in the pelvis, rectum, or anus.
  • Mucus in the stool.
  • Lump in the throat or trouble swallowing.
  • Bowel inconvenience.
Treatment of Irritable bowel syndrome
  • The treatment depends on the patient’s symptoms. Those with diarrhea can take lomotil and related drugs. Increase the fiber in their diet and avoid sugar and milk products.
  • Medicines can be taken to counteract the spasms of the GIT.
  • To treat problems related to gas production there are no proper drugs. Instead, the diet could be modified to a carbohydrate–less one. Carbonated drinks etc. ought to be avoided.
  • Tricyclic antidepressants could be used to counteract the psychological points of the syndrome. Hypnotherapy and counseling sessions could be attended on a regular basis.
  • In constipation–related conditions, one could use laxatives like Milk of Magnesia and eat a diet high in bran.